Sore throat is when there is pain in the back of your throat. Sometime such pain can be too severe and it can become worse when someone swallows. There are many people who have sore throat who refuse to drink or to eat anything. The pain can reach in the ear because of the affected nerves. The causes of the sore throat are tonsillopharyngitis but some rare but serious cases are epiglottitis or abscess.
Tonsillopharyngitis is the infection of the throat and tonsils. The doctor may use term tonsillitis if the tonsils had been inflamed or the pharyngitis if the tonsils were not inflamed or when people who do not have the tonsillitis suffer sore throat. Tonsillopharyngitis is normally caused by the virus and one of these viruses is the one that causes common cold. Many types of the cold start with mild sore throat and less common viral cause is the acute mononucleosis which is common in young adults or children. Even if it is rare, the sore throat can be an infection that goes hand in hand with human immunodefiency virus or HIV.
At least 10 percent of the people who suffer the sore throat, it is the result of the Streptococcus bacteria. Such infection is normally called strep throat and it is not common in the children who are under 2 years. Other bacteria that may cause sore throat are diphtheria and gonorrhea.
Abscess is the collection of the pus and it can stat under the tonsils. The normal cause is the streptococcal infection which spread away from the tonsils to reach in deeper tissue. In the young children, the abscess may form within the tissue or at the back of the throat.
Epiglottis is the small flap of the tissue that closes on the entrance of windpipe or voice box while swallowing. The epiglottis can be infected by some bacteria and the infection can cause swelling and severe pain. The swelling may close completely the windpipe in children or infants. Before the epiglottitis was only taking place in young children because of haemophilus influenzae type B bacteria. Since many children are now vaccinated, they do not suffer the epiglottis anymore and many cases are found with adults.
When to see a doctor
Whenever someone suffers a sore throat, it is not a must that he sees a doctor right away. The patient should seek an immediate medical attention if he makes the squeaking sound, difficulty in breathing, drooling, having a muffled voice and having a bullet in the back of a throat.
Whenever you have any warning sign, you have to go to hospital at once. People who suffer mild cases may stay at home and they can use home remedies or over-the-counter remedies. People who have other symptoms such as productive cough, extreme fatigue or fever should see the doctor at once.